Inland freight transport up by 5% in 2006
Total freight transport by inland modes (rail, road, inland waterways and oil pipelines) in the EU27 increased by 5% in 2006 compared with 2005, reaching 2 595 billion tkm, among the Member
States, the highest increases were recorded in Greece ( 42%), Hungary ( 16%) and the Czech Republic ( 13%), and the largest declines were observed in Cyprus (-16%), Denmark (-8%), Estonia and
Ireland (both -3%).
Six Member States accounted for two thirds of total EU27 freight in 2006: Germany (517 bn tkm, 6% between 2005 and 2006), France (283 bn tkm, 3%), Spain (264 bn tkm, 3%), Italy (256 bn tkm,
4%), Poland (208 bn tkm, 11%) and the United Kingdom (206 bn tkm, 3%).
These figures come from a report2 by Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities, on the modal split in the inland transport of the EU27.
Rail most significant in the Baltic States and Sweden
The dominant freight transport mode in the EU27 in 2006 was road, accounting for 73% of the total, with rail accounting for 17%, and the remaining 10% evenly split between inland waterways and
oil pipelines. In all Member States road freight transport was the dominant mode, except for Estonia (65% rail) and Latvia (54% rail). After these two Member States, Lithuania (38%) and Sweden
(36%) recorded the next highest shares of transport by rail.
Apart from Cyprus and Malta, Ireland (99%), Greece (98%), Portugal (95%) and Spain (92%) registered the highest shares of road freight transport in 2006.
Inland waterways accounted for significant shares of freight transport in the Netherlands (31%), Belgium (14%), Germany (12%) and Romania (10%). The highest shares for oil pipelines were
observed in Denmark (17%) and Slovakia (15%).